Tulsi : It is considered a superlative medicine in Ayurveda and is used to treat asthma, bronchitis, cough and cold. Tulsi increases your immunity and fights against infections. You must have heard about various essential oils available in the market which contain the active ingredients of Tulsi or basil but they can be quite heavy on your wallet. Tulsi or holy basil on the other hand is available in your home garden. The essential oils in Tulsi not only ease wet or productive cough and help in expectoration, but also soothe dry cough.
Mulethi : Mulethi herb can treat asthma, cough, cold, sore throat and other respiratory ailments. Its antioxidant properties help to reduce inflammation specifically in the bronchial tubes. Mulethi thins and loosens the mucus inside the airways, this eases coughing and congestion. Many times, microbes are responsible for the overproduction of mucus which results to coughs and cold, Mulethi can easily clear these microbes due to its anti-bacterial properties.
Banaphsha : It gives relief in congestion of lungs, cold, cough, difficult breathing, fever, bronchitis and other cough related respiratory ailment. Banaphsa contains different types of chemical constituents including flavonoid, glycosides, alkaloids, steroids, terpenes, saponins and tannins. Banfsha is used in Unani medicine for treating respiratory ailments, bronchitis, whooping cough, fever, skin conditions, cystitis, throat infection and rheumatism due to its anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, antipyretic and laxative properties. As it contains salicylic acid this is used to make aspirin hence effective for the treatment of headaches, migraine and insomnia.
Kantikari : It contains an alkaloid ‘ solenin’, Pottasium chloride, potassium nitrate , Iron, organic acids, diosgenin, b carotene, subsonine, solasodino – L- B-D glucoside (solasurine , Solanocarpine (solnin –S) tomatidienol etc.
Root and fruits contain : solanine and solanidine besidesuary substance , fatty acid and other constituents Also and fruit contains diosgenin.
The phyto chemical analysis finds that some monprotoplasmic cell contents like alkaloid , tannin, sugar , starch, fat, oil, protein , mucilage, lignin, cutin and calcium oxalate present in the plant react positively with diff of acid, alkalis, salts and dyes. Kantakari serves several purposes, including severe ones like snake bites, dropsy, and of course perturbs of respiration, abdomen, throat and gum. The root is one of the essential medicinal ingredients used by Ayurvedic physicians, who use it to treat numerous common ailments. The drug is sour to taste and a mild laxative. Researches have evidenced that the fruits and shoots of the plant possess anti-bacterial attributes. The herb is particularly useful in throat problems, such as sore throat and tonsillitis.
Talishpatra : The leaf powder / juice of Abies webbiana or Talispatra is indicated in Asthma, Bronchitis, Cough, Fever, Gas, Headache, Hemoptysis, Hoarseness, Neuralgia, Phthisis, and Splenosis (acquired condition defined as autotransplantation of viable splenic tissue throughout different anatomic compartments of the body). The decoction of Talispatra leaves relieves watery discharge, sneezing and nasal congestion. Due to antiviral properties, it helps eradicating common cold infections within 1 to 3 days. Talishpatra have mucolytic, antitussive and expectorant action, so they help relieving productive cough.
Sunthi (ginger) : Ginger works as medicine due to presence of various phytochemicals. Phytochemicals are the various biologically active compounds found in plants. Gingerols and shogaols found in ginger have analgesic, antipyretic, ant prostaglandin, hepatoprotective, and hypotensive properties. The other constituents of Ginger include zingibain, bisabolenel, oleoresins, starch, essential oils (zingiberene, zingiberole, camphene, cineol, borneol), mucilage, and protein. Due to presence of such active compounds ginger stimulates digestion, assimilation, relieves gas, increases muscular activity in the digestive tract and gives relief in respiratory ailments.Ginger is available in fresh and dried form. Dried form is more warming compared to fresh form. In treatment of nausea, vomiting, digestive complaints dried form should be used. Fresh form is more suitable for respiratory ailments such as cold, cough and flu. Ginger is very good remedy for cold, cough and flu condition. It acts as expectorant, relieves phlegm and infections.
VASAKA : The drug Vasaka comprises the fresh or dried leaves of the plant. Leaves contain an alkaloid vasicine, and an essential oil. The chief use of Vasaka is as an expectorant; it is given in the form of juice, syrup or decoction. It softens the thick sputum, facilitates its coming out and thus brings about quick relief in bronchitis. The expectorant activity is due to stimulation of bronchial glands. The leaves of Vasaka contain phyto-chemicals such as alkaloids, tannins, saponins, phenolics and flavonoids. Leaves contain vasicine, a quinazoline alkaloid and an essential oil. It also have other chemicals such as Luteolin, Tritriacontane, B- Sitosterol, Kaempferol, 3- Sophoroside, Adhatodic acid, q- Hydroxyvasicinine, Vit –C, vasicol. Vasicinol, Vaicinolone, Adhatodine, Adhavasinone, Anisotine, Carotene, Vasakin, Vasicinone, Vascicolone, Vasicolinone and many more.
It is an effective herb in the management of respiratory congestions like cough, bronchitis, asthma, etc. The medicinal herb expands the airways and provides great relief to the bronchitis patients. It is a well-known ayurvedic medicine for expectorant and helps to ease out the phlegm.It helps in clarity of voice.
PIPALI = The Piper longum fruit has been used in traditional medicine, including the Ayurvedic system of medicine. Although there are numerous indications for its use, controlled trials are needed to determine its efficacy. The primary constituents isolated from various parts of P. longum are piperine, piperlongumine, sylvatin, sesamin, diaeudesmin piperlonguminine, pipermonaline, and piperundecalidine. It is most commonly used to treat chronic bronchitis, asthma, constipation, gonorrhea, paralysis of the tongue, diarrhea, cholera, chronic malaria, viral hepatitis, respiratory infections, stomachache, bronchitis, diseases of the spleen, cough.
TURMERIC (HALDI)= Turmeric scientifically named as Curcuma longa is a rhizome belonging to zingiberaceae family. It is a yellow colored herb with medicinal properties. Curcuma longa is cultivated and used widely in India.
Traditional Chinese medicine and the Ayurveda medicine use turmeric for treatment of various ailments. Use of turmeric for cough is one of popular home remedies for cough. The antibacterial and anti-viral action of turmeric makes it the best remedy to treat cough and cold naturally. Medicinal value of turmeric is due to the compound curcumin. There are three different curcuminoids present in turmeric they are diferuloylmethane, desmethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin. Of the three diferuloylmethane is present in higher amounts and is responsible for the color and medicinal value of the herb. Curcumin serves as an anti-inflammatory agent and also possess anti-bacterial and anti-viral action. These properties of turmeric aid in the treatment of bacterial and viral in the actions such as cough and cold. The anti-inflammatory action of curcumin aids in relieving the chest congestion that develops in people suffering with chronic cough.
HONEY = honey appeared to be as effective as a common cough suppressant ingredient, dextromethorphan, in typical over-the-counter doses. Since honey is low-cost and widely available, it might be worth a try.